King salmon is also known by the names tyee salmon, black salmon, quinnat salmon, blackmouth or tule salmon. All of these are common names for Chinook salmon, which inhabits West Coast Pacific and is the state fish of Alaska. Chinook are very appreciated for their delicious meat and huge size both by sport and commercial fishermen. Below we are going to touch upon basic recommendations regarding Chinook fishing techniques, tackles and other useful pieces of information about the black salmon. Let’s start with the species identification.
King Salmon Basic Facts
Blackmouth is the largest Salmonidae species inhabiting Pacific Ocean waters. It can be easily told by the blue-green back and head, silvery sides and white belly. Another distinctive trait is the presence of dark spots on the tail and upper part of the body. An adult Chinook weighs approximately 50 pounds and reaches up to three feet in length. The largest King salmon ever caught and recorded weighed 126 pounds and was 5 feet in length.
The common habitats for black salmon are coastal waters around the Pacific Ocean. In the US Chinook can be found from Monterey Bay (California) to Alaska. King salmon fishing is also popular in Canada, Japan and Siberian area. Although Alaska is considered to be the Mecca for those who are eager to catch a tyee salmon.
Fishing for Chinook is exciting and adventurous only in case you have appropriate tackles. As we already know, the fish may reach enormous size hence anglers have to choose rods and reels which were made with a salmon in mind.
Before choosing from a wide range of fishing reels, rods, baits and lures you need to figure out the technique you are going to apply (which will directly depend on the spot you choose). For instance, there exist various reels designed for different angling techniques:
- fly – for fly fishing;
- casting – to fish from the shore for huge species;
- trolling – to fish from the boat.
There also exist multi-purpose spinning reels which can be successfully used for different angling techniques. When speaking about king salmon fishing, trolling is the most trusted method which is recommended by the experienced fishermen.
It is important to keep the hooks as sharp as possible to get a big game. Don’t forget to clean your tackle, especially reels after each fishing trip, since salt water can significantly corrode the gears.
How to Fish for Chinook
If you are a novice in angling domain, read this comprehensible fishing for Chinook checklist:
- Obtain a heavy fishing rod (the one designed especially for blackmouth);
- Use vibrating or flashy lures with salmon eggs as a bait;
- Add weight to the line wisely (take into account the speed of the water current etc.).
If you are fishing for meat, not for sport, it is recommended to use larger weights. Take into account that in some rivers salmon eggs are forbidden to be used as bait.